|Nickname||Great White North|
|Largest Cities||Toronto | Montreal | Vancouver|
|Currency||Canadian dollar (CAD)|
|Official languages||English | French|
|Population||35 million (rank: 38)|
|Area||9,984,670 km2 / 3,855,100 miles2 (rank: 2)|
|Population density||4 per km2 / 10 per mile2 (rank: 228)|
|Motto||A Mari Usque Ad Mare ("From Sea to Sea")|
|Independence||July 1, 1867 (from UK)|
|Highest point||Mount Logan 5,959 m (19,551 ft)|
|Mean elevation||487 m|
|Longest River||Mackenzie River 4,241 km (2,635 mi)|
|Border||USA 8,893 km|
|Coastline||202,080 km (125,570 mi)|
|Religions||Catholic 39% | Protestant 20.3%|
|Median age||42 years|
|Population data||Growth rate: 0.74% | Birth rate: 1.0% | Death rate: 0.85%|
|Life expectancy||82 years (Males: 79 years | Female: 85 years)|
|Literacy rate||99% (Male: 99% | Female: 99%)|
|GDP (PPP)||$1.674 trillion (Per capita: $46,200)|
|Flag carrier||Air Canada|
|Busiest airport||Toronto Pearson International Airport (YYZ)|
|Head of the state||Queen ELIZABETH II|
|Prime Minister||Justin Trudeau|
|Time in Ottawa|
The name Canada came from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word kanata, meaning "village" or "settlement".
How did Canada get its name?
Amazing Canada facts
The Canada is world's second-largest country by total area (behind Russia), world's fourth-largest country by land area (behind Russia, China and USA) and world's largest country by surface area of water.
Canada fun facts
Canada has 7% of world's total land within its borders but has 20% of the world's fresh water.
World's largest share of fresh water