How did Canada get its name
    How did Canada get its name?
    The name Canada came from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word kanata, meaning "village" or "settlement". In 1536, French explorer Jacques Cartier overheard the Iroquois referring to their settlements as "kanata," and assumed that it was the name of the country.

    Canada facts

    Great White North
    The Canada is world's second-largest country by total area (behind Russia), world's fourth-largest country by land area (behind Russia, China and USA) and world's largest country by surface area of water.

    Canada fun facts

    Land of fresh water
    Canada has 7% of world's total land within its borders but has 20% of the world's fresh water.

Canada Anthem

    Canada facts
    Longest coastline
    Canada has the world’s longest coastline, bordered on three sides by three different oceans: the Atlantic, Arctic and Pacific. Canada's 243,792 km ocean-front coastline is about 25 per cent of all the coastline on Earth.

    Canada fun facts
    Largest National Park
    Wood Buffalo National Park in Alberta and the Northwest Territories is the largest National Park of Canada at 44,807 km2 (17,300 mile2). Larger in area than Switzerland, it is the second-largest national park in the world. The park was established in 1922 to protect the world's largest herd of free roaming wood bison. It is one of two known nesting sites of whooping cranes.

    Canada facts
    Santa Claus, North Pole HOH OHO, Canada
    The Canadian government has declared Santa as a Canadian citizen. Canada Post has assigned HOH OHO as Santa's postal code (HO HO HO is Santa's catch phrase). Every year it receives more than a million letters addressed to Santa. Canada Post gets volunteers to reply every letter with a return address.
    Canada fun facts
    Land of lakes
    Canada has more lakes than the rest of the world combined. Five of the world’s 10 largest lakes (by surface area) - Superior, Huron, Great Bear, Great Slave, Erie - are in Canada. Lake Great Slave is the deepest lake in North America (614 metres deep at its deepest point)

    Canada facts
    Cold Alert
    Alert, Nunavut, Canada is the northernmost permanently inhabited place on Earth. The settlement experiences 106 days of full darkness each year and an average annual temperature of -18 °C. By January, its coldest month, the mean temperature plungs to -32 °C (-26 °F).

    Canada fun facts
    From Dutch... with love
    In 1945, Princess Juliana of the Netherlands presented Ottawa with 100,000 tulip bulbs in appreciation of Canada’s support to the Netherlands during the Second World War. The Canadian Tulip Festival held in Ottawa each spring to celebrate the historic Royal gift of tulips from the Dutch to Canadians as a symbol of international friendship.
    Canada quick facts
    Nickname Great White North
    Capital City Ottawa
    Largest City Toronto (2.7 million)
    Currency Canadian dollar (CAD)
    Official languages English | French
    Population 35 million (rank: 38)
    Area 9,984,670 km2 / 3,855,100 miles2 (rank: 2)
    Population density 4 per km2 / 10 per mile2 (rank: 228)
    Anthem "O Canada"
    Motto A Mari Usque Ad Mare ("From Sea to Sea")
    Independence July 1, 1867 (from UK)
    Highest point Mount Logan 5,959 m (19,551 ft)
    Mean elevation 487 m
    Longest River Mackenzie River 4,241 km (2,635 mi)
    Border USA 8,893 km
    Coastline 202,080 km (125,570 mi)
    Religions Catholic 39% | Protestant 20.3%
    Median age 42 years
    Population data Growth rate: 0.74% | Birth rate: 1.0% | Death rate: 0.85%
    Life expectancy 82 years (Males: 79 years | Female: 85 years)
    Literacy rate 99% (Male: 99% | Female: 99%)
    GDP (PPP) $1.674 trillion (Per capita: $46,200)
    Flag carrier Air Canada
    Busiest airport Toronto Pearson International Airport (YYZ)
    Calling code +1
    Internet TLD .ca
    Head of the state Queen ELIZABETH II
    Prime Minister Justin Trudeau
    Time in Ottawa