The name Canada came from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word kanata, meaning "village" or "settlement". In 1536, French explorer Jacques Cartier overheard the Iroquois referring to their settlements as "kanata," and assumed that it was the name of the country.
How did Canada get its name?
The Canada is world's second-largest country by total area (behind Russia), world's fourth-largest country by land area (behind Russia, China and USA) and world's largest country by surface area of water.
Great White North
Canada has 7% of world's total land within its borders but has 20% of the world's fresh water.
Land of fresh water
Canada has the world’s longest coastline, bordered on three sides by three different oceans: the Atlantic, Arctic and Pacific. Canada's 243,792 km ocean-front coastline is about 25 per cent of all the coastline on Earth.
Wood Buffalo National Park in Alberta and the Northwest Territories is the largest National Park of Canada at 44,807 km2 (17,300 mile2). Larger in area than Switzerland, it is the second-largest national park in the world. The park was established in 1922 to protect the world's largest herd of free roaming wood bison. It is one of two known nesting sites of whooping cranes.
Largest National Park
The Canadian government has declared Santa as a Canadian citizen. Canada Post has assigned HOH OHO as Santa's postal code (HO HO HO is Santa's catch phrase). Every year it receives more than a million letters addressed to Santa. Canada Post gets volunteers to reply every letter with a return address.
North Pole HOH OHO,
Canada has more lakes than the rest of the world combined. Five of the world’s 10 largest lakes (by surface area) - Superior, Huron, Great Bear, Great Slave, Erie - are in Canada. Lake Great Slave is the deepest lake in North America (614 metres deep at its deepest point)
Land of lakes
Alert, Nunavut, Canada is the northernmost permanently inhabited place on Earth. The settlement experiences 106 days of full darkness each year and an average annual temperature of -18 °C. By January, its coldest month, the mean temperature plungs to -32 °C (-26 °F).
In 1945, Princess Juliana of the Netherlands presented Ottawa with 100,000 tulip bulbs in appreciation of Canada’s support to the Netherlands during the Second World War. The Canadian Tulip Festival held in Ottawa each spring to celebrate the historic Royal gift of tulips from the Dutch to Canadians as a symbol of international friendship.
From Dutch... with love
|Nickname||Great White North|
|Largest City||Toronto (2.7 million)|
|Currency||Canadian dollar (CAD)|
|Official languages||English | French|
|Population||35 million (rank: 38)|
|Area||9,984,670 km2 / 3,855,100 miles2 (rank: 2)|
|Population density||4 per km2 / 10 per mile2 (rank: 228)|
|Motto||A Mari Usque Ad Mare ("From Sea to Sea")|
|Independence||July 1, 1867 (from UK)|
|Highest point||Mount Logan 5,959 m (19,551 ft)|
|Mean elevation||487 m|
|Longest River||Mackenzie River 4,241 km (2,635 mi)|
|Border||USA 8,893 km|
|Coastline||202,080 km (125,570 mi)|
|Religions||Catholic 39% | Protestant 20.3%|
|Median age||42 years|
|Population data||Growth rate: 0.74% | Birth rate: 1.0% | Death rate: 0.85%|
|Life expectancy||82 years (Males: 79 years | Female: 85 years)|
|Literacy rate||99% (Male: 99% | Female: 99%)|
|GDP (PPP)||$1.674 trillion (Per capita: $46,200)|
|Flag carrier||Air Canada|
|Busiest airport||Toronto Pearson International Airport (YYZ)|
|Head of the state||Queen ELIZABETH II|
|Prime Minister||Justin Trudeau|
|Time in Ottawa|